The 19th Amendment promised the vote to American women, but it took decades for Black women to emerge as an electoral force.

The 19th Amendment promised the vote to American women, but it took decades for Black women to emerge as an electoral force.

On March 3, 1913, the day before Woodrow Wilsons presidential inauguration, more than 5,000 women gathered in Washington, D.C. for a suffrage parade demanding the right to vote. But when the Black activist Mary Church Terrell proposed that African-American women join the march, its organizer, suffragist leader Alice Paul, worried about the reaction of white Southern women. So she offered a compromise: Black women could march at the back. Many, including the crusading journalist Ida B. Wells-Barnett, defied Paul and walked alongside their white counterparts.
The…

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