Because of travel when I was young I used to be able to speak Spanish pretty well. But from 2003 through 2019 I forgot a great deal of what I once knew.
I was fine with that because I figured the only way to get good again would be to go live in a Spanish-speaking country, something I couldnt realistically see myself doing.
But it turns out I couldnt have been more wrong about. Things are totally different now than they were back in the early 2000s when I was learning the first time around.
Over the last year Ive found many ways to practice Spanish every day that are extremely effective, and not only painless but outright enjoyable.
I found that not only could I relearn Spanish from my home in the UK, I could learn it much faster than if I were living in Spain and just relying on daily life to instruct me.
As a result I can now speak vastly better than I could 12 months ago, without having done anything that felt like work. Here Ill list off the methods Ive used and the pros and cons of each.
While I offer a number of Spanish-specific examples, you can likely find identical resources in every major language.
Before that I should concede that I had the wind at my back in two respects:
- Spanish is roughly the easiest language for English speakers to learn and is useful, so highly motivating to practice which meant to begin with I could make massive progress in just a few months.
- I could already go slowly through a newspaper and kind-of understand it, or watch a Spanish movie and half understand what they were saying. If youre starting from a lower level it might take longer to achieve escape velocity.
The bottom line is if you have okay French from when you were a teenager, and a bit of slack in your schedule, you can likely make similar progress to me.
Alright, here goes.
1. Watch Netflix in your foreign language.
Why its useful
By this point most of us already have Netflix or a similar streaming service. And most of us like to watch TV maybe too much in fact.
If you dont, let me be the one to inform you that Netflix costs as little as $9 a month, less if you share a password. And Ive read that were currently living through the television renaissance so you should fall into line and start enjoying TV like everyone else.
One thing thats not immediately obvious about Netflix is that its incredible for learning other languages.
For many programs you can choose to watch with audio and subtitles in whatever language you like. So for the shows I loved I could do any combination of English/Spanish audio and English/Spanish subtitles, depending on how naturally challenging it was to understand.
That way I could also alternate between practicing vocabulary and listening.
None of this ate up extra time from my life, because I would already be watching a few hours of TV a week anyway, but now I was simultaneously learning another language.
In theory you can find practicing the language you want to learn as more-ish as just one more episode before I go to sleep.
Netflix has become so popular for this purpose that theres now a Chrome extension that adds all sorts of useful features for language-learners.
Which audio and subtitles you have access to depends on the show and which country youre in. I could get some shows in Spanish in the US, but not the UK go figure. So you might have to be a little flexible if your current favourite show isnt in the language you want to learn.
Fortunately you can sort shows by the languages theyre available in by going to the Netflix audio and subtitles pages.
For some reason Amazon Prime almost never offers subtitles or foreign language audio, Im not sure about the others.
What to watch
Theres no accounting for taste but Ive watched in Spanish: Narcos, Casa de Papel, Élite, Rick and Morty, Big Mouth, The Crown, Sex Education, Wild Wild Country, Russian Doll, and La Casa de las Flores.
2. Listen to News in Slow Language-X.
Why its useful
What really took me to the next level was the News in Slow Spanish podcast. The same company produces News In Slow French, Italian and German, and there are likely analogues in other languages too.
Each week they release four episodes describing and discussing the worlds events. There are intermediate and advanced versions so therell likely be an option you can follow along with.
While its not the Financial Times, the information and commentary are legitimately interesting for their own sake Im rarely bored while listening.
If, like me, you already follow the news, that gives you a big head start when trying to pick up on whats being said. That means you can follow discussion of surprisingly challenging topics, while learning new words through context.
Each show comes with a transcript, and you can roll over uncommon words to see what they mean, though I rarely used those services as theyd require pulling out my phone and Id often listen while cooking or cleaning.
News in Slow Spanish has hundreds of hours of old episodes in their archives, going back to 2016. I estimate Ive spent about 100200 hours listening over the last year.
I started out going through the intermediate-level ones at 0.8x speed, then sped them up to 1.2x, then moved on to the advanced ones at 1x before gradually speeding them one up to 1.7x (normal newsreader speed).
A subscription to the show costs $22 a month, but before you subscribe you can test it out in two ways:
It costs $22 a month. Thats worth it if youre listening regularly, especially if youre smashing through their archives, but youll want to remember to cancel if you stop listening.
I wish theyd just distribute the show in MP3s but they want people to use their app or website which are a bit clunkier.
3. Vary the speed.
See the speed varying thing in the top left?
Why its useful
Ideally you want what youre listening to to push you, but still be comprehensible. Too easy and you get bored; too hard and you get bored because you dont get whats going on.
So vary the speed!
Obviously News In Slow Spanish, every podcasting app, and YouTube all let you vary the play speed.
But if you want to vary the speed on Netflix or elsewhere youll want to get the Video Speed Controller extension (Firefox, Chrome).
Ive set it up so d speeds up any video 0.1x and s slows it down 0.1x. Im always speeding things up and down so theyre consistently at the limit of my comprehension.
Its an extremely useful extension for videos in English as well I expect it has saved me dozens of hours.
If youre watching something outside your browser, VLC Media Player will speed up and slow down any audio or video files you like.
You wont be able to reflect on the meaninglessness of life while waiting for something interesting to happen on House of Cards.
4. Practice spaced repetition flashcards with Anki.
Why its useful
Now youll constantly be encountering lovely new words you want to learn. If youre committed to memorising something anything! flashcards with spaced repetition are by far the most efficient way.
Anki is a free and advanced piece of memorisation software for Windows/Mac/iPhone/Android.
It can optimise when you repeat cards, so you see and are prompted to recall words just as youre about to forget them. The average time cost of learning new vocabulary should come to about 12 minutes per word. Anki also lets you backup and sync your cards and practice sessions between devices.
The Anki community is big, so there are a lot of existing card decks out there, and technical help if you need it.
While you can do flashcards on the toilet and theyre fun (or at least meditative), they do take up time and feel more like work than just watching TV or listening to the news.
Anki itself is a sophisticated piece of software. Thats great, but means it takes a little while to get up to speed on all its features. If you like memorising things and are committed to learning a language its definitely worth setting up Anki and an Ankiweb account.
But if you really want to keep things simple theres easier services like Cram.
5. Go through a list of words from most to least common.
Why its useful
If youre going to be memorising words you want them to be the words youre most likely to read.
Its silly to memorise bean-bag at the same time as chair, or nape (of the neck) at the same time as leg. In each case the latter is 10x more common, and 10x more important to know. But thats what you get when you learn big groups of words by theme.
Fortunately you can simply pick off all the most common words you dont yet know using a language corpus that literally just lists words from most to least common.
I found such a list for Spanish, went through every one of the most common 10,000 words in Spanish, and added the ones I didnt know to my Anki deck for memorisation. Thats efficiency!
Theres no faster way to learn to understand more stuff.
It does kind of sounds like work huh.
Oh and it can be hard to find a corpus of the most common words people use in informal speech they tend to focus on words youd find in the newspaper.
6. Set your phone, laptop, browser and Google to use your language.
Why its useful
You can learn quite a bit of vocabulary by having all the menus and settings in your computer and phone appear in your target language. It slows you down at first, but pretty soon youll be back to normal operating speed. Context indicates most of what you need to know.
For MacOS and Android the language settings are right where youd expect in the settings menus (pictured).
But really the reason to do this is to get apps, websites, and searches to show up in your target language. Youll learn a lot more that way.
For that, youll want to change the language on your Google Account here, and your language in your web browser too (Firefox, Chrome).
The way this helps is that if you search for information about e.g. Abraham Lincoln and the first thing that pops up is a Wikipedia article about Lincoln in your target language, you might just go ahead and read that.
If that happens several times a day its a big win. Because you have context on the topics youre seeking information about, youll be more likely to be able to understand it, even if its on a complicated topic. Youll also learn advanced vocabulary on exactly the topics that are most important to you.
Obviously at first this is going to slow you down, and if something is too hard to read you might need extra clicks to get the search results you want in English.
Obscure settings in your phone and computer can be hard to comprehend in your target language (hell, they can be hard to understand in your native language). When you send screenshots to other people they might find it hard to understand whats going on.
I had some kinks with formulas in Excel and how in Spanish ten thousand dollars is rendered $10.000,00 but managed to find workarounds.
7. Use the Linguee dictionary.
Why its useful
Which words really correspond between two languages can be a subtle thing. Translations are often slightly off in the connotations they carry. Or a translating dictionary will give a word thats kind of right but actually the third most common use rather than the first.
The best translating dictionary Ive found to deal with this problem is Linguee, which has a website and a phone app. Basically they analyse a vast database of existing translations to find which words are most often used to translate a given term by real people in real situations.
So their suggested translations tend to be on point.
Their website it also very slick and ad free.
Of course in a pinch you can simply Google tomato juice in spanish and it will translate things for you just fine.
8. Now just start reading and listening to normal things in your target language.
Alright, over a few months you should get more comfortable with the language youre trying to learn, so its time to turn things up a notch.
Were you reading The New York Times in the morning? Now you read The New York Times in Spanish in the morning. (Or BBC Mundo if you prefer.)
The NYTimes in Spanish and BBC Mundo are the only URLs I have bookmarked on my phone, so Im more likely to visit them. You could also set up an automatic redirect in your browser from e.g. nytimes.com to nytimes.com/es to form the habit.
So thats written material.
Do you also listen to a quick news update in the morning like The Daily? Now you listen to the 5 minute daily news roundup from El País and another from ABC.
(If you just search news in your target language in any podcasting app youll find lots of options. I guess French learners listen to the Le Monde podcást, and German learners the Der Spiegel podcastn I dont know.)
I still find these native news reports a bit too fast to follow, so for now Ive got them defaulting to 0.8x or 0.9x speed. But Ive graduated from News in Slow Spanish to just news in Spanish.
Hopefully by now youve set Google and your various devices to the language youre learning, so all your internet searches are coming back in your target language, including searches about the news, giving you even more opportunities to practice.
I mean, following the news is terrible for you, so if you can avoid it completely you probably should.
9. Go travelling and use what youve learned.
Understanding people in a noisy environment, and speaking comfortably on the fly is a skill of its own.
This is both obvious and kind of impossible during a pandemic, but to build those skills youre going to have to travel a country that speaks the language youre learning and meet people, or at least find local speakers near you.
But the good news if youve done all the above the transition to real life use should be pretty smooth.
For the Spanishphiles among you, when the pandemics over I can recommend Medellín. Thats where youll find me anyway.
One method that didnt work for me was buying advanced Spanish grammar textbooks to work through. I spent a few hours on them but didnt come back.
I think theres three reasons for that: i) I dont naturally have a time in my daily life when Im going to sit down with a book and write in it, ii) its just more boring than watching Spanish Netflix or reading the newspaper, iii) I already knew enough grammar that it wasnt obviously a more effective way to learn anything.
I hope the above suggestions are helpful, let me know about any great ones that Ive missed.